Medieval Russia

My highly recommended favorites are bolded. Sorry they’re not always in English. C’est la vie.

Sources for Medieval Russia

The clash of cultures on the medieval Baltic frontier. 2009. Farnham, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

Excavating Medieval Moscow. 1996. Earthwatch: The Journal of Earthwatch Institute 15 (1) (Jan/Feb 96): 24.

Medieval Moscow. 1996. Earthwatch: The Journal of Earthwatch Institute 15 (4) (/07Jul/Aug96): 18.

Excavating Medieval Moscow. 1995. Earthwatch: The Journal of Earthwatch Institute 14 (1) (/01Jan/Feb95): 79.

Excavating Medieval Moscow. 1995. Earthwatch: The Journal of Earthwatch Institute 14 (4) (/07Jul/Aug95): 55.

Excavating Medieval Moscow. 1995. Earthwatch: The Journal of Earthwatch Institute 14 (3) (/05May/Jun95): 65.

Excavating Medieval Moscow. 1994. Earthwatch: The Journal of Earthwatch Institute 13 (1) (/01Jan/Feb94): 90.

Excavating Medieval Moscow. 1994. Earthwatch: The Journal of Earthwatch Institute 13 (2) (/03Mar/Apr94): 75.

Russian traditional culture: Religion, gender, and customary law. 1992., ed. Marjorie Mandelstam Balzer. Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe.

Medieval Russia: A source book, 850-1700. 1991. , ed. Basil Dmytryshyn. 3rd ed. ed. Fort Worth: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Medieval Arabic culture and administration. 1984. Speculum 58 (4): 1108-9.

Novgorod: Architectural monuments, 11th-17th centuries. ed. Mikhail Konstantinovich Karger. Leningrad: Aurora Art Publishers.

Anthology of old Russian literature; old Russian literature. ed. Ad Stender-Petersen. New York: Columbia University Press, 1954.

The Cambridge history of Russia. ed. Perrie, Maureen, Lieven, D. C. B Suny,Ronald Grigor.New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Continuity and change in central and inner Asia: Papers, ed. Gervers, Michael,  Schlepp, Wayne, Toronto: Asian Institute, University of Toronto, 2002.

Early voyages and travels to Russia and Persia, ed. Morgan, E. Delmar, Coote, C. H., Jenkinson, Anthony. London: Printed for the Hakluyt Society, 1886.

Food in Russian history and culture, ed. Glants, Musya.  Toomre, Joyce Stetson. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997.

In the service of the khan: Eminent personalities of the early mongol-Yüan period (1200-1300), ed. Igor de Rachewiltz Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1993.

The legacy of Genghis Khan: Courtly art and culture in western asia, 1256-1353, ed. Komaroff, Linda, Carboni, Stefano. Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York,N.Y.) New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art; [New Haven: Distributed by Yale University Press], c2002.

Magic and divination in early Islam, ed. Emilie Savage-Smith. Aldershot, Hants, Great Britain; Burlington, VT, USA: Ashgate/Variorum, c2004.

Medieval Russia knowledge page. Available from

Medieval Russian costume. Available from

Medieval Russian laws, translated by George Vernadsky.

The military and society in Russia: 1450-1917, ed. Eric Poe Lohr Marshall.Leiden; Boston, MA: Brill, 2002.

Monashestvo i monastyri v rossii, XI-XX veka: Istoricheskie ocherki, ed. N. V. (Nina Vasilevna) SMoskva: Nauka, 2002.

The mongol empire and its legacy, ed. Amitai-Preiss, Reuven,  Morgan, David. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 1999.

The other europe in the Middle Ages: Avars, Bulgars, Khazars, and Cumans, ed. Florin Kovalev Curta Roman.Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2008.

Political assemblies in the earlier middle ages, ed. P. S. Mostert Barnwell Marco.Turnhout: Brepols, 2003.

Russia mediaevalis, ed. Fennell, John Lister Illingworth.Müller, Ludolf, 1917-Poppe,Andrzej.München: W. Fink, 1973-.

Russian peasant women, ed. Beatrice Viola Farnsworth Lynne.New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Russian primary sources. Available from

AIGLE, Denise. 2004. Loi mongole vs loi islamique. entre mythe et r̩alit̩. Annales РHistoire, Sciences Sociales 59 (5-6): 971-96.

Aigle, Denise. 1997. L’iran face à la domination mongole: Études. Bibliothèque iranienne; 45. Téhéran; Louvain, Belgique: Institut français de recherche en Iran; Diffusion, Peeters.

Akinsha, Konstantin, Grigorii Kozlov, and Sylvia Hochfield. 2007. The holy place: Architecture, ideology, and history in russia. New Haven: Yale University Press.

ALEF, Gustave. 1978. The battle of Suzdal in 1445. an episode in the Muscovite war of succession. Forschungen Zur Osteuropäischen Geschichte 25: 11-20.

———. 1973. Muscovite military reforms in the second-half of the fifteenth century. Forschungen Zur Osteuropäischen Geschichte 18: 73-108.

———. 1981. Mongol census taking in rus’, 1245-1275. Harvard Ukrainian Studies(5): 32-53.

ALLSEN, Thomas T. 2001. Command performances: Entertainers in the mongolian empire. Russian History / Histoire Russe 28 (1-4): 37-46.

———. 1996. Biography of a cultural broker. bolad ch’eng-hsiang in china and iran. The Court of the Il-Khans, 1290-1340.: 7-22.

Allsen, Thomas T. 1987. Mongol imperialism: The policies of the grand qan Möngke. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Allsen, Thomas T. 2001. Culture and conquest in mongol eurasia. Cambridge studies in islamic civilization.Cambridge, UK; New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.

Amirkhanov, Reshat M. 1990. Islam and the tatar social ethical thought. Central Asian Survey, Vol.9 9 (2): 103-8.

AMITAI, Reuven. 2006. The logistics of the mongol-mamÅ«k war, with special reference to the battle of wādÄ« ‘l-khaznadār, 1299 C.E. Logistics of Warfare in the Age of the Crusades: Proceedings of a Workshop Held at the Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Sydney, 30 September to 4 October 2002: 25-42.

———. 2001. The conversion of tegüder ilkhan to islam. Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 25: 15-43.

Amitai-Preiss, Reuven. 1999. Sufis and shamans: Some remarks on the islamization of the mongols in the ilkhanate. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 42 (1): 27-46.

AMITAI-PREISS, Reuven. 1996. New material from the mamluk sources for the biography of rashid al-din. The Court of the Il-Khans, 1290-1340.: 23-37.

ARKEL-DE LEEUW VAN WEENEN,Andrea van, and John Lister I. FENNELL. 1977. The tale of baty’s invasion of north-east rus’ and its reflexion in the chronicles of the thirteenth-fifteenth centuries. Russia Mediaevalis 3: 5.

ARRIGNON, Jean-Pierre. 1995. Le guerrier russe, IXe-XIIIe siècles d’après les données archéologiques. In Le combattant au moyen age (histoire ancienne et médiévale, 36). 2nd edn. pp. 305. paris: Publications de la sorbonne., 123.

ARSLANOVA, Alsu A. 2005. Russian research on the interrelations of the golden horde with the ilkhans of iran and the chaghatayids. Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 58 (3): 277-93.

Ashtor-Strauss, E. 1956. L’administration urbaine en syrie medievale. Rivista Degli Studi Orientali 31 (1): pp. 73-128.

Avdusina, T. D., and T. D. Panova. 1996. The moscow kremlin: Archeological antiquities. Moscow: Moscow Kremlin State Historical and Cultural Museum-Monument.

Baecklund, Astrid. Personal names in medieval velikij novgorod.Stockholm, Almqvist & Wiksell [1959-.

Baitchura, Uzbek. 1988. Tatars as possessors of a most ancient and advanced, high, urbanized civilization in russia. Materialia Turcica(14): 23-40.

Baron, Samuel H., and Nancy Shields Kollmann. 1997. Religion and culture in early modern russia and ukraine. DeKalb, IL; United States: Northern Illinois University Press.

Batunsky, M. 1988. Muscovy and islam: Irreconcilable strategy, pragmatic tactics. Saeculum (39): 63-81.

BEDROSIAN, Robert Gregory. 1980. The turco-mongol invasions and the lords of armenia in the 13-14th centuries.

Beliaev, L. A., and A. G. Veksler. 1997. Archaeology of medieval moscow: Recent explorations (1980s-90s). Anthropology and Archaeology of Eurasia 35 (4) (03/01): 63-99.

Beliaev, Leonid. 1997. Mystery monasteries. Archaeology 50 (4) (07/01): 36-8.

Beliaev, Leonid A., and Alexei Chernetsov. 1999. The eastern contribution to medieval russian culture. Muqarnas (16): 97-124.

Bellamy, C. 1983. Heirs of genghis khan: The influence of the tartar-mongols on the imperial russian and soviet armies. Royal United Services Institution Journal, Vol.128 128 (1): 52-60.

BELLAMY, Christopher. 1982. The firebird and the bear: 600 years of the Russian artillery. History Today 32 (9): 16-20.

BELLY, Alexander. 1995. The battle of Kozmynskyi Forest: Diplomatic background. Ukrainian Review: A Quarterly Magazine Devoted to the Study of Ukraine 42 (1): 32-45.

Berger, A. 1982. Das bad in der byzantinischen zeit. Mèunchen: Institut fèur Byzantinistik und Neugriechische Philologie der Universitèat.

Berkey, Jonathan. 1991. “Silver threads among the coal”: A well-educated mamluk of the Ninth/Fifteenth century. Studia Islamica(73): 109-25.

Bespalova, L. A. 1983. Apollinarii mikhailovich vasnetsov, 1856-1933. Moskva: “Iskusstvo”.

BLAIR, Sheila. 2005. A mongol envoy. The Iconography of Islamic Art: Studies in Honour of Robert Hillenbrand: 45-60.

BLAIR, Sheila, and Jonathan BLOOM. 2000. “Islamic mongols: From the mongol invasions to the ilkhanids — history” in Islam: Art and Architecture: 388-91.

Bloom, Jonathan M. 2000. The introduction of paper to the islamic lands and the development of the illustrated manuscript. Muqarnas 17: 17-23.

Bodrogligeti, A. 1962. A turkish folk song from the golden horde. Acta Orientalia (Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae(15): 23-30.

BOKHAN, Yuras. 1997. The sallet type helm from mscislav. Fasciculi Archaeologiae Historicae 10: 9-11.

Bold, B. (Bat-Ochiryn). Mongolian nomadic society: A reconstruction of the “medieval” history of Mongolia. Richmond, Surrey [England]: Curzon, 2001.

Boulnois, Luce. 2004. Silk road: Monks, warriors & merchants on the silk road. Eng. ed. ed. Hong Kong: Odyssey; New York: Norton.

Boyle, JohnAndrew. The mongol world empire, 1206-1370. London: Variorum Reprints, 1977.

Brauer, Ralph W. 1995. Boundaries and frontiers in medieval muslim geography. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 85 (6): 1-73.

Britnell, R. H. 1997. Pragmatic literacy, east and west, 1200-1330. Woodbridge, Suffolk England; Rochester, NY: Boydell Press.

Brose, Michael C.. Subjects and masters: Uyghurs in the mongol empire. Bellingham, WA: Center for East Asian Studies, Western Washington University, c2007.

Buell, Paul D. 2003. Historical dictionary of the mongol world empire. Historical dictionaries of ancient civilizations and historical eras; no. 8. Lanham, MD: The Scarecrow Press, Inc.

BUELL, Paul D. 1999. Mongol empire and turkicization: The evidence of food and foodways. The Mongol Empire and its Legacy. 200-23.

Bukharaev, Ravil’. 2000. Historical anthology of kazan tatar verse: Voices of eternity ed. & tr. by david J.matthews & ravil bukharaev. Richmond: Curzon.

Bürgel, J. Christoph. 1988. The feather of simurgh: The “licit magic” of the arts in medieval islam. New York: New York University Press.

Bushkovitch, Paul. 1980. The merchants of moscow, 1580-1650. Cambridge: New York: Cambridge University Press.

Chadwick, Nora K., .tr. Russian heroic poetry. Cambridge [Eng.] The University Press, 1932.

Chapman, Hilary. 2000. Review of nancy shields kollmann, ‘by honor bound, state and society in early modern russia’. New Zealand Slavonic Journal (01/01): 269-72.

Chernetsov, A. V. 1997. Slavic and russian archaeology in russia: Current specifics and some perspectives. Anthropology and Archaeology of Eurasia 35 (4) (03/01): 5-13.

Chodor, Joanna. 1993. Queens in early medieval chronicles of east central europe. East Central Europe = L’Europe Du Centre-Est 20 (1) (01/01): 9-50.

Collins, L. 1994. The great horde (altın ordu) in 1502. In XI. türk tarih kongresi, ankara … 1990: Kongreye sunulan bildiriler, II. cilt (atatürk kültür, dil ve tarih yüksek kurumu: T. T. K. yayınları, IX/11a)., 563-580. Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi.

———. 1991. On the alleged “destruction” of the great horde in 1502. Byzantinische Forschungen(16): 361-99.

Conomos, Dimitri E. 1985. The late byzantine and slavonic communion cycle: Liturgy and music. Dumbarton oaks studies;; 21. Washington, D.C: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection.

CROSKEY, Robert Michael. 1984. The diplomatic forms of ivan III’s relationship with the crimean khan. Slavic Review: American Quarterly of Soviet and East European Studies: (Later Slavic Review: American Quarterly of Russian, Eurasian and East European Studies) 43 (2): 257-69.

Dani, Ahmad Hasan. 1996. Timur legacy. Islamabad: Pakistan Academy of Letters.

Danylenko, Andrii. 2006. On the language of early lithuanian tatars or, have lithuanian tatars ever written in ukrainian? Slavonic and East European Review 84 (2): 201-37.

Darkevich, V. P., and A. L. Mongait. 1978. Klad iz staroi riazani. Moskva: Nauka.

Davies, Brian L. Warfare, state and society on the black sea steppe, 1500-1700. London; New York: Routledge, 2007.

DELETANT, Dennis. 1984. Genoese, tatars and rumanians at the mouth of the danube in the fourteenth century. Slavonic and East European Review 62 (4): 511-30.

DeWeese, D. 1994. Islamization and native religion in the golden horde: Baba tükles and conversion to islam in historical and epic tradition. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Dewey, Horace W. 1966-67. Defamation and false accusation (iabednichestvo) in old muscovite society. Etudes Slaves Et Est- Europeenes 11 (3-4): 109-10.

———. 1960. Trial by combat in muscovite russia. Oxford Slavonic Papers 9: 21-31.

———. 1957. Judges and evidence in muscovite law. Slavonic and East European Review 36: 184-94.

DEWEY, Horace W., and Ann M. Kleimola. 1968. Promise and perfidy in old russian cross kissing. Canadian American Slavic Studies/Revue Canadienne Américaine d’Études Slaves 2: 327-41.

Dewey, Horace William. Muscovite judicial texts, 1488-1556; compiled, translated,Ann Arbor [University of Michigan, Dept. of Slavic Languages and Literature] 1966.

———. Russian private law in the XIV-XVII centuries; an anthology, ed. Ann M. joint comp Kleimola[Ann Arbor, Dept. of Slavic Languages and Literatures, University of Michigan, 1973].

DiCosmo, Nicola. Mancho-mongol relations on the eve of the qing conquest: A documentary history, ed. Dalizhabu Bao. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2003.

Dixon-Kennedy, Mike. 1998. Encyclopedia of russian and slavic myth and legend. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO.

Dow, M. 1996. The islamic baths of palestine. Oxford: Published for the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem by Oxford University Press.

Downing, Charles. Russian tales and legends; retold by charles downing.London, Oxford University Press, 1956.

DU BREUIL, Paul. La chevalerie et l’orient: L’influence de l’orient sur la naissance et l’évolution de la chevalerie européenne au moyen âge. Paris: G. Trédaniel, 1990.

Dupuy, Trevor Nevitt. 1969. The military life of genghis, khan of khans. New York: F. Watts.

Egorov, V. L., and V. I. Buganov. 1985. Istoricheskaya geografiya zolotoÄ­ ordy v `XIII-XIV` vv. Moscow: Nauka.

ESPER, Thomas. 1969. Military self-sufficiency and weapons technology in muscovite russia. Slavic Review: American Quarterly of Soviet and East European Studies: (Later Slavic Review: American Quarterly of Russian, Eurasian and East European Studies) 28 (2): 185-208.

Farale, Dominique. 2007. La russie et les turco-mongols: 15 siècles de guerre. Paris: Economica.

FAVEREAU, Marie. 2005. La horde d’or de 1377 à 1502: Aux sources d’un siecle “sans histoire”. Revue Des Études Slaves 76 (2-3): 357-60.

Fedorov-Davydov, G. A. 1983. Archaeological research in central asia of the muslim period. World Archaeology 14 (3, Islamic Archaeology) (Feb.): 393-405..

Fedorov-Davydov, G. A., and H. Bartlett Wells. 1984. The culture of the golden horde cities. Oxford: B. A. R.

Fedorov-Davydov, G. A., and Jeannine Davis-Kimball. 2001. The silk road and the cities of the golden horde. 1st ed. Berkeley, Calif: Zinat Press.

Fedotov, G. P. 1946. The russian religious mind: Kievan christianity, the tenth. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1960 Mass., P. Smith, 1961?].

Fennell, J. 1983. The crisis of medieval russia 1200-1304. Harlow: Longman.

———. Early russian literature. Berkeley, University of California Press [1974].

———. The emergence of moscow 1304-1359.London, Secker & Warburg, 1968.

———. A historical russian reader: a selection of texts. Oxford, Clarendon P., 1969.

———. A history of the russian church to 1448. London; New York: Longman, 1995.

FLORYA, Boris N. 1996. Les monastères placés sous la patronage des laïcs en pologne médiévale et en russie. Moines Et Monastères Dans Les Sociétés De Rite Grec Et Latin: Etudes Publiées Avec Le Concours De La Fondation Singer-Polignac.: 419-33.

Frank, Nancy Cooper. 2002. Izba: The life and times of the russian peasant houses. Russian Life 45 (2) (Mar/Apr): 22.

Frank, Stephen P. 1990. Popular justice, community, and culture among the russian peasantry, 1870-1900. United States: .

Franklin, Simon. 1985. Literacy and documentation in early medieval russia. Speculum 60 (1) (Jan.): 1-38.

Franklin, Simon. Writing, society and culture in early rus, c. 950-1300. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Galkin, L. L. Nekotorye novogodnie monety zolotoÄ­ ordy. (some golden horde new year coins: Summary.). Sovetskaya Arkheologiya 1985 (4): 186-97.

GAUTIER DALCHÉ, Patrick BERNETT,Charles. 1991. Attitudes towards the mongols in medieval literature. Viator: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 22: 153-67.

Ginsburg, Mirra. The kaha bird; tales from the steppes of central asia., ed. Richard Cuffari. New York, Crown Publishers [1971].

Gippenreĭter, Vadim Evgenevich. 1989. Fabled cities of central asia: Samarkand, bukhara, khiva, ed. Robin Magowan.  New York: Abbeville Press.

———. Old russian cities, ed. A. I. (Alekseĭ I. ). Komech. London: L. King, 1991.

Glants, Musya, and Joyce Stetson Toomre. 1997. Food in russian history and culture. Indiana-michigan series in russian and east european studies. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Goitein, S. D. India traders of the middle ages: Documents from the cairo geniza: India book, part one, ed. Mordechai Akiva FriedmanLeiden; Boston: Brill, 2008.

GOLDEN, Peter B. 2001. Some notes on the comitatus in medieval eurasia with special reference to the khazars. Russian History / Histoire Russe 28 (1-4): 153.

Golden, Peter B. Nomads and sedentary societies in medieval Eurasia. Washington, D. C.: American Historical Association, 1998.

Gonneau, Pierre. La maison de la sainte trinité: Un grande-monastère russe du moyen-âge tardif, 1345-1533. Paris: Klincksieck, [1993].

González de Clavijo, Ruy. Embassy of ruy gonzalez de clavijo to the court of timour., ed. Markham, Clements R. (Clements Robert). London: Printed for the Hakluyt Society, 1859.

Gray, Basil, and O. F. Akimushkin. 1979. The arts of the book in central asia, 14th-16th centuries. Boulder, Colo: Shambhala Publications; UNESCO.

Grotzfeld, H. 1970. Das bad im arabisch-islamischen mittelalter. eine kulturgeschichtl. studie. Wiesbaden,: Harrassowitz.

GUZMAN, Gregory G. 1996. European clerical envoys to the mongols: Reports of western merchants in eastern europe and central asia, 1231-1255. Journal of Medieval History 22 (1): 53-67.

Haarmann, Harald. 2000. The soul of mother russia: Russian symbols and pre-russian cultural identity. ReVision 23 (1) (Summer): 6.

HAINING, Thomas Nivison. 1999. The vicissitudes of mongolian historiography in the twentieth century. The Mongol Empire and its Legacy.: 332-46.

———. 1994. Storm from the east: A review article. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland ser.3,4 (2): 251-4.

Halperin, Charles J. 1982. “Know thy enemy”: Medieval russian familiarity with the mongols of the golden horde. Jahrbücher Für Geschichte Osteuropas 30 (2): 161-75.

———. 1999. The east slavic response to the mongol conquest. Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi(10): 98-117.

———. 1998. Russo-tatar relations in mongol context. Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, Vol.51, no.Iii 51 (3): 321-39.

———. 1985. Russia and the golden horde: The mongol impact on medieval russian history. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

———. 1983. Russia in the mongol empire in comparative perspective. Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies(43): 239-61.

———. 1982. Tsarev ulus: Russia in the golden horde. Cahiers Du Monde Russe Et Soviétique(23): 257-63.

———. 2005. The place of rus’ in the golden horde. Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi(14): 21-30.

———. 2000. Kliuchevskii and the tartar yoke. Canadian American Slavic Studies: / Revue Canadienne Américaine d’Études Slaves 34 (4): 385-408.

———. 1984. The ideology of silence: Prejudice and pragmatism on the medieval religious frontier. Comparative Studies in Society and History 26 (3) (Jul.): 442-66.

———. 1982. George vernadsky, eurasianism, the mongols, and russia. Slavic Review: American Quarterly of Soviet and East European Studies: (Later Slavic Review: American Quarterly of Russian, Eurasian and East European Studies) 41 (3): 477-93.

———. 1982. Tsarev ulus: Russia in the golden horde. Cahiers Du Monde Russe Et Soviétique: (Later Cahiers Du Monde Russe) 23 (2): 257-63.

———. 1979. Medieval myopia and the mongol period of russian history. Russian History / Histoire Russe 5 (2): 188-91.

Hambis, Louis comp. Documents sur l’histoire des mongols aÌ€ l’époque des……  Paris, Presses universitaires de France, 1969.

Hapgood, Isabel Florence, 1850-1928. The epic songs of russia, ed. Mackail, J. W. New York: Kraus Reprint Co., 1969.

Hellie, Richard. Enserfment and military change in muscovy. Chicago, University of Chicago Press [1971].

Hildinger, Erik. Warriors of the steppe: A military history of central asia, 500 B.C. to 1700 A.D. 1st Da Capo Press ed. ed.Cambridge, Mass.: Da Capo, 2001.

Holt, P. M. 1986. A chancery clerk in medieval egypt. The English Historical Review 101 (400) (Jul.): 671-9.

Howe, Sonia E. 1916. Some russian heroes, saints and sinners, legendary and historical. London: Williams and Norgate.

Howes, Robert Craig. The testaments of the grand princes of moscow. translated, ed. Russia. Sovereigns.Ithaca, N.Y., Cornell University Press [1967].

Ibn `Arabsh¯ah, Ahmad ibn Muhammad, John Herne Sanders, and Ahmad ibn Muhammad Ibn `Arabsh¯ah. 1976. Tamerlane: Or, timur, the great amir. Lahore: Progressive Books.

Ibn Batuta, H. A. R. Gibb Sir, C. Defremery, and B. R. Sanguinetti. 1958. The travels of ibn Batt¯uta, A.D. 1325-1354. Works issued by the hakluyt society; 2nd ser., no. 110, 117, 141, 178. Cambridge: Published for the Hakluyt Society at the University Press.

Ibn Fadl¯an, Ahmad,fl.922, and Richard Nelson Frye. 2005. Ibn fadlan’s journey to russia: A tenth-century traveler from baghad to the volga river. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers.

Ibn Khald¯un, and Walter Joseph Fischel. 1952. Ibn Khald¯un and tamerlane, their historic meeting in damascus, 1401 a.dBerkeley, University of California Press.

Imamuddin, S. 1969. Administration under the fatmids. Asiatic Society of Pakistan.Journal 14 (3): pp. 253-70.

IVANOV, Anatoly A. 2006. Diplomatic gifts and trophies. Beyond the Palace Walls: Islamic Art from the State Hermitage Museum.: 197-8.

Ivanov, Viacheslav Vsevolodovich, Iuliia Verkholantseva, and Language and identity: linguistic reality and linguistic consciousness in Eastern/Central Europe,14th-17th centuries. 2005.

Speculum slaviae orientalis: Muscovy, Ruthenia and Lithuania in the late middle ages. Moscow: Novoe izdatel’stvo.

JACKSON, Peter. 2003. Hülegü khan and the christians: The making of a myth. The Experience of Crusading, 2: Defining the Crusader Kingdom.: 196-213.

———. 2000. The mongol empire, 1986-1999. Journal of Medieval History 26 (2): 189-210.

———. 1999. From ulus to khanate: The making of the mongol states, c. 1220-c. 1290. The Mongol Empire and its Legacy.: 12-38.

Jasper, Detlev. Papal letters in the early middle ages, ed. Horst FuhrmannWashington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, c2001.

KADYRBAEV, Aleksandr Sh. 2005. Turks (uighurs, kipchaks, and kanglis) in the history of the mongols. Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 58 (3): 249-53.

Kaiser, Daniel H. 1980. The growth of the law in medieval russia. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Kantor, Marvin. Medieval slavic lives of saints and princes. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, Dept. of Slavic Languages and Literatures, c1983.

Kaplan, Robert D. 2000. Eastward to Tartary: Travels in the Balkans, the Middle East, and the Caucasus. 1st ed. New York: Random House.

KAPPLER, Claude-Claire. 1982. Premières missions en mongolie: Rencontre de deux mondes. Images Et Signes De l’Orient Dans l’Occident Médiéval (Littérature Et Civilisation) (Sénéfiance, 11).Pp.388.Aix-En-Provence: Université d’Aix-Marseille I, Centre Universitaire d’Études Et Des Recherches Médiévales: 197-212.

KARPOV, S. P. 1999. Le comptoir de tana comme centre des rapports économiques de byzance avec la horde d’or aux XIIIe-XVe siècles. Byzantinische Forschungen: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Byzantinistik 25: 181-8.

KARPOV, Sergeǐ. 1996. Génois et byzantins face à la crise de tana de 1343 d’après les documents d’archives inédits. Byzantinische Forschungen: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Byzantinistik 22: 33-51.

KHORDARKOVSKY, Michael. 1999. Taming the “wild steppe”: Muscovy’s southern frontier, 1480-1600. Russian History / Histoire Russe 26 (3): 241-97.

KIRPITCHNIKOV, Anatolij. Les armes de la russie médiévale, III. Léningrad:1971.

KIRPITCHNIKOV, Anatoliy Nicolaievich. 1996. Early harquebuses and pistols from the collections of russian museums. Fasciculi Archaeologiae Historicae 9: 43-9.

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